Health is the most valuable asset. There is a word in English, healthy
Health is wealth.
This means health is wealth. Apparently, money, health, land holdings, gold grains, and other assets are valuable. Most people prefer them. But it is too late when they have to face physical difficulties. Then they realize that health is wealth. They have lost valuable resources while achieving something else. If you are not currently health conscious, you will easily lose this valuable asset in the future. But following certain rules can sustain health.
The rules are as follows
1. Drink at least 4 to 5 liters of water throughout the day. Start your morning drinking a glass of water.
2. Walk. Walk at least three kilos of meters per day. But not like a lazy person. Walk hard.
3. Eat enough food. If you have digestive problems, you eat food after two hours.
4. Most people currently waste their time on social media. Avoid them. Don’t waste more than 30 to 40 minutes on social media throughout the day. Stop using social media if possible.
5. Stop watching motivational videos. Watching them is nothing but wasting time until you can implement the topics shown in the video. You might think this video is over but at the same time, you will watch 10 more videos without your knowledge. So stop watching videos, start working.
6. Stop waking up for the first time.
7. Find time for yourself. Do Surya pranam exercise completely twice a day.
8. Tension is another reason behind poor health. Which comes without your knowledge. You can’t take the tension away even after hundreds of attempts. So, in my opinion, you do something that can relieve your tension. Like planting trees, learning something new, or reading storybooks. This will gradually remove your tension.
9. Meditate. Sit in a comfortable seat and meditate for about 10 to 15 minutes. Keep an eye on breathing while meditating.
10. Talk to people. Surrender to the God of The East for some time.
11. Remember that health is wealth. Some live to eat and others eat to survive. Now you decide whether to health first or something else before. Do you have time to do health first?
Raman was born on November 7, 1888, to his uncle’s house in a small village called Tiruvanaikaval near Tiruchirappalli in Tamil Nadu. Raman’s father Ramanathan Chandrasekaran was the son of a very transparent Banedi Brahmin family in Tanjore district. They had a lot of farming land. Chandrasekaran could have spent his days comfortably by making a lot of money by looking after the land. But in not doing so, he chose the path of enlightenment. Parvati Ammal, daughter of eminent pandit Saptarshi Shastri, got married before completing her secondary after completing her secondary. He then joined BA at Madras Christian College after completing his higher secondary from SPG (Society for the Promotion of the Gospel) College in Trichinoply. But before taking the BA exam, he started teaching in a school near the village. Chandrasekaran and Parvati Ammal have a total of eight children. Raman is the second of five boys and three girls. Three years after Raman’s birth, in 1891, Chandrasekaran passed his B from SPG College and was appointed lecturer in physics at the same college.
The rules for naming children in South India are a little different. It usually has a name for one word, no designation. Father’s name was also added before the name. Raman was named Venkataraman after Venkataraman, the god of Tirupati temple. The full name of Baba Chandrasekaran is Chandrasekhar Venkataraman. Later Venkataraman was divided into two words and became Venkat Raman. Later CV Raman.
When Raman was four years old, his father Chandrasekaran moved to AV Naraseema Rao College in Visakhapatnam with a job as a lecturer from Trichinopoly. There he taught physics, mathematics, and natural geography. He had a special fascination for Indian music. He played a very good violin. Chandrasekaran was also very interested in sports. He was a very good player. But his son Venkat Raman is in very poor health. He’s been very thin since childhood. But no matter how bad the body is, Raman is not paired in studies. In addition to schooling, little Raman has started reading his father’s thick books of physics, mathematics, and philosophy at home. Thin Raman has started performing surprisingly well in school exams.
At the age of eleven, he passed matriculation and joined his father’s college in AN or higher secondary class. At the age of thirteen, he passed his F.A. and joined the famous Presidency College in Madras. A professor at Presidency College was initially a little angry when he saw a black thirteen-year-old boy sitting in a B-A class with a dhoti wearing a bang, a small hat on his head, an empty-footed thin-cracker. He asked, “Kid, have you mistakenly moved to college class instead of school?” The class laughed. All the students in the class know this author student. It didn’t take long for the professors to get to know Raman’s talent. Within a few days, the professors of Presidency College realized that they had never seen a brilliant student before in their teaching life . Many physics professors realized that they did not have enough knowledge to teach Raman anything new.
Raman passed his BA in the first class at the age of fifteen. He won gold medals for achievement in physics and English. He joined MA in physics. Raman noticed some exceptional spectrum of light while measuring the angle of a prism with a spectrometer in practical class. He did not get any idea about these spectrums in any book. He himself wrote down some more tests and observations and sent the results in the form of a paper to Philosophical Magazine in London. C.V. Raman’s first paper, “Unsymetric Diffraction-Bands Due to a Rectangular Aperture” , was published in Philosophical Magazine in 1906 before passing ma. Raman was only eighteen at the time. There was no scope for research at Presidency College then. Raman started publishing his research papers by researching in the college laboratory at his own efforts.
Soon after passing his BA with a gold medal, Raman’s professors advised him to go to Bille and bring higher education. He has made such a good result, he should not have any difficulty in getting a scholarship to study abroad. Raman also wanted to go to Billet. But badh sadha is his broken health. The Madras civil surgeon checked his health and told him directly that Raman would no longer have to live if he went to the adverse weather conditions in Billet. The MA exam was conducted in 1906. When the results were published in January 1907, Raman, as expected, passed his MA in first class.
Now? Raman’s mind and soul are lying in the study of physics. But there is no job of the researcher in British India at that time. There was no problem if I could go to Bille. But that is not possible for health reasons. The professors suggested taking competitive exams for government jobs. Raman could easily have become an ICS officer in his talent. But to take the ICS exam, you have to go to the bill which is impossible for him. The quality and salary of a government job after an ICS officer in the Financial Civil Service or FCS. The examination for the appointment of government finance officers is conducted in India. Raman took the test despite knowing that there would be no connection with physics. The subjects tested in FCS exams – such as history, economics, etc.– Raman has not read much before. After taking the test, Raman told his brother Ramaswamy, “Looking at those who came to take the test, I realized that I would be the first” . Raman’s strong ego may have been expressed in the words :
But Raman was the first. C.V. Raman was appointed assistant accountant general at the age of eighteen. The first workplace is Kolkata.
Ramon was already met at a domestic function by Loksundari. The thirteen-year-old folk beauty was playing the veena then. Raman’s family had a musical atmosphere, father played violin, there was a collection of Indian musical instruments at home. Raman was impressed to hear the veena of loksundari. He decided to marry loksundari. In those days, the decision to marry himself was equivalent to a customary social revolution. Loksundari, however, later joked that Raman had married her on a lot of calculations . Because at that time married FCS officers used to get a family bonus of 150 rupees more along with salary. 150 rupees worth a lot in those days. Raman and Loksundari got married on May 6, 1907, before joining the job.
In June 1907, Raman came to Kolkata with his wife Loksundari to join the work. He took home at Scots Lane near Boubazar. Ride the tram to the office. New ones have come to Kolkata – so as far as you can see from the tram, reach the office to read the roadside signboard. Six or seven days after joining the work, one day on his way to such an office, I saw a sign that read “Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science. 210 Boubazar Street, Kolkata”. Raman has no idea about this institution. But curiosity is limitless. He wants to be committed to the advancement of science. On the way back from the office that day, he got off the tram there.
Let’s introduce some of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science or I-A-CS here. The seeds of modern science are planted on Indian soil by foreigners – in their own interest . From the end of the 19th century, the process of attaining adulthood in Indian science began. Dr. Mahendralal Sarkar wanted to start indigenous science research in India. He wanted to build an institution that would be inspired by the Royal Institution of London and the British Association for the Advancement of Science. Not with the funding of foreign rulers, but only with the donations of the countrymen, he wanted to build an institution where research does not require any degree, only love in science will be worthy. I-A-CS was established in January 1876. The purpose of the institute was written: “Those who have just abandoned the school,
Although he is very ambitious in the study of science, he cannot fulfill his desires in a way. Such individuals will be called upon to practice science” . It was expected that wealthy Indians inspired by the indigenous spirit would surely come forward to do this good work. But that hope has failed a lot.
Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, from Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar to Rabindranath Tagore, could not raise the desired money for this institution. In 1900, Lord Curzon also wondered, “There is no dearth of rich sponsors in Bangladesh. But why are they not extending a helping hand in such a great effort?” । Mahendralal Sarkar died in 1904. At the end of his life, Mahendralal was in pain of hopelessness. Not enough funding was raised to create a professorship. He lamented that the idea of setting up a science meeting was wrong. He ran after a mirage all his life. Perhaps he could have earned much more than what has been collected in the last thirty years if he had focused on medicine. After the death of Mahendralal Sarkar, his nephew Amritlal Sarkar took over the responsibility of running the I-A-CS.
It was almost evening when Raman came to the door of i-a-cs. The door is locked from inside. After a long time of the calling bell tape, a man in a dhoti-fatwa came and opened the door. This is Ashutosh Dey – Raman’s favorite Ashubabu who has worked with Raman in the laboratory for the next twenty-five years. Ashubabu took Raman to the Amritlal government. As he walked through the corridor, Raman noticed a medium-sized lecture with dust on the chair table. There’s a laboratory – it’s also in a state of shock. There are a small number of appliances that also have a whole layer of dust. After learning about the purpose and activities of the association from the Amritlal government, Raman felt that it was water without asking for clouds. Amritlal was very happy to see Raman’s enthusiasm. For so long, this institution had been waiting for the path of a young scientist like Raman. Amritlal Sarkar handed over the keys of the association to Raman – the right to do research in the association as long as he wants.
Raman started working. His speed is like a storm. His daily routine is almost like this: At 5.30 a.m., he came to the association and started researching, came home at 10.45 a.m. and took a quick bath and took a quick bath and took some gossip and went to the office in a taxi. This is a system to save time as it takes a long time to get on the tram. After five office holidays, go straight to the association lab inthe not coming home. It’s 9.30 p.m. to 10 p.m. to return home. Sunday sings the entire weekend in the association lab. It hasn’t been two months since he got married, but Raman stays out of the house for eighteen hours within twenty-four hours. The wife, Loksundari, initially took pride in her mind, but she realized that Raman didn’t care. For Raman, the beautiful or the household is a trivial matter compared to his love for science. In her next sixty-three years of marriage, Loksundari compared her husband to a cyclone every day – which cannot be tied up. Raman and loksundari couple have two sons – Chandrasekhar and Radhakrishnan.
The question here may arise: How was he as assistant account general – so much love for science? Raman was working with a great reputation in the finance department. It’s like he has two completely different entities. He became deputy accountant general after getting promotion four years of his career due to his skills in economics. He could have climbed up faster – but he had to go out of Kolkata – stay away from the association’s laboratory – so Raman avoided a lot of job growth. He had to stay outside Kolkata for two years after starting research at the association. He was transferred to Rangoon in 1909 and Nagpur in 1910. Although he had made his home a laboratory for two years, he survived by gasping and returning to Kolkata in 1911.
In the next ten years from 1907, he published thirty-five research papers researching light waves, sound waves, the surface of matter, the science of the melody, etc. Ashubabu was his only assistant in the association. Ashu Babu’s name is also there as a co-author in some of the research papers. Not only that, a research paper has been published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society, solely authored by Ashutosh Dey, Ashubabu. Reading Ashu Babu’s paper, no one can imagine that he never got a chance to study in a university.
There are no journals for publishing scientific research papers in the country. It takes a long time to get published when sent out of the country. Raman took the initiative and arranged for the publication of the association bulletin. In this bulletin, he has regularly published the results of his research. In 1917, the bulletin became proceedings and later converted into the Indian Journal of Physics.
Most of Raman’s research problems are the result of his sharp observations on various aspects of daily life. For example, when his father played the violin – he noticed the tune on the wire. While studying in college, he worked on sonometers, sound melody tests. Based on this experience, Raman has conducted many new experiments, including the vibration of continuous cables, noise differences, heat relation to light waves, sound waves emanating from hot substances. The results of his test have been published in the world-famous journal nature and philosophical magazines.
Raman has done a lot of research on the tunes and sounds created by Indian musical instruments, especially veena, tanpura, Chelo, mridanga, etc. Does veena’s wire have a physical-scientific basis or is it all psychological? Raman checked that veena wire bridges were placed in a strategy that did not follow Helmholtz’s principle (Helmholtz law). According to Helmholtz’s principle, no harm (node) can be created in the place where the veena wire is tapped. Since this policy does not work on veena wires – there is a huge tone of wavelength nearby. So veena wires can create tunes close to the voice of the human being. Raman studied mridanga and tabla rhythm after Veena. In his research paper, he showed that musical instruments like tabla or mridanga can create a wire instrument-like tune in a particular condition. Raman has published so many research papers on musical instruments that he has been recognized as the ‘World Authority’ of the subject in time.
The Science College of Calcutta University was already established in 1914. Taraknath Pali, Rasbihari Ghosh, etc. have paid to establish the college. Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy has joined the chemistry department at the call of VICE CHANCELLOR Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee. Devendra Mohan Basu has joined the physics department as ‘Rasbihari Ghosh Professor’. A bunch of young faces – Satyendranath Basu, Meghnad Saha, Shailen Ghosh, Gyan Ghosh, Yogesh Mukherjee, etc. have joined as lecturers. Vice-Chancellor Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee was looking for someone suitable for the post of ‘Foster Professor’. Many Ph.D., D-SC candidates were applying for the post. But no one seemed fit sir Ashutosh. His eyes were then on C V Raman. Since 1907, Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee has been watching Raman work tirelessly in the I-A-CS. Raman is constantly publishing research papers as an institution alone. In 1917, Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee invited CV Raman to join the science college as a ‘foster professor’ of physics.
Raman was a little hesitant. He has improved a lot in finance jobs. It is only a matter of time before the Deputy Accountant General to the Accountant General. You can also become a financial member of the Viceroy’s Council. He is able to continue his research work at his own expense because of the high salaries he is getting. The salary he will be paid as a university professor is less than half of his current salary. But Raman is not thinking about salary, wondering about his research, wondering if he can give the time he is giving in the association. With a lot of thought, he agreed to join the university under certain conditions. His conditions included that he would not take any classes, take no research students, his relationship with the association would remain unchanged, etc. The term ‘foster professor’ was mainly a research professor. But for appointment to that post, it was important for the candidate to have a degree in a foreign university.
Raman has no foreign degree. But nothing stood in the way of the Bengal tiger Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee whom he considered fit. The syndicate accepted all the conditions given by C.V. Raman and appointed him as a ‘foster professor’ of physics.
In 1917, Professor C.V. Raman started his new life by joining the physics department of Calcutta University. Earlier, you had to stay out of research for about eight hours a day. Now those eight hours also add up to the time of his research. He was in this position for fifteen consecutive years. Although he decided not to take research students, many students and researchers gradually joined him. K S Krishnan, Vinay Bhushan Roy, Kedareshwar Banerjee, Shesagiri Rao, etc. have done research under Rahman’s supervision.
Raman was elected secretary of the IACS after the death of The Amritlal Government in 1919. He has all the responsibilities of the two laboratories of the university and the association. Research work is going on evenly. The World University Congress was held at Oxford University in 1921. Raman joined As a representative of Calcutta University at the special request of Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee. This is Raman’s first foreign trip. During this brief few days of travel, he was met by Thomson, Rutherford, Bragg, and many other world-famous physicists. Raman sat at the back of the hall in a session. After a while, Rutherford himself stood up from the front row and called Raman and carefully sat next to him. Raman was impressed by such a great scientist’s generosity.
Like other tourists, Raman visited various sights in London. Went to see St. Paul’s Cathedral. He was impressed by the cathedral’s whispering gallery and quickly did some experiments. He later published two research papers on this. One has been published in the journal Nature, the other in the Proceedings of the Royal Society. Raman’s mind was filled with scientific curiosity, along with his fascination for the nature of the vast sea on his way to London by ship. Seeing the color of the deep sea, the question arose in his mind: What is the real secret of this thick blue color? Earlier, Lord Rail established the scientific theory of blue in the sky. The color of the sky during the day is blue as the blue light waves are more visible as the scattering of light particles with different molecules of the atmosphere. Lord Raile’s theory about the blue color of the sea is quite simple. According to him, the color of the sea is actually a reflection of the color of the sky in the seawater. Raman lord revere’s theory was proved wrong by a few simple tests conducted onboard the ship. After hiding the reflection of the sky in the seawater through a polarizing prism, the color of the seawater was dark blue – as if it were blue coming out of the water.
As a result, it can be concluded that the blue color of seawater is not a reflection of the color of the sky, but the result of the scattering of light particles in the water. He collected water from various depths of the sea and brought the bottles to Kolkata. Raman collects a lot of data while observing the deep sea color game with prism, telescope, etc. When he returned to Kolkata, he underwent a study on X-rays in liquids and the dispersion of visible light. Within a few weeks, Raman, in collaboration with student Shesagiri Rao, measured the intensity of the molecular dispersion of light in the water. Their tests proved that Einstein-Smolukowski’s idea of changing temperature could give a mathematical explanation of molecular deflection. In 1922, his famous research paper “The Molecular Declaration of Light” was published by the University of Calcutta . In this huge 103-page research paper, Raman questions some of the basic issues in explaining the phenomenon of light dispersal with the help of quantum theory. In recognition of Raman’s research, Calcutta university awarded him a D-SC degree. Arthur Compton’s ‘Compton Effect’ has a lot in common with the explanation that Raman explains in his research paper about the dispersion caused by the collision of liquid molecules with light. But when Raman explained this, the ‘Compton Effect’ was still not discovered. Compton Effect –
(Which calculates the difference in the power of photons and electrons as a result of electron collision with electromagnetic particle photons) – discovered the following year in 1923. Arthur Compton won the Nobel Prize for the discovery of the Compton Effect in 1927. In April 1923, under Raman’s supervision, his student Ramanathan conducted many emergency tests of the dispersal of light through water. The course of light is observed from the opposite direction by entering the sunlight through the water. The course of light is separated using different types of filters. If there is no change in the power of light after entering the water, there will be no change in the wavelength of light and no change in the spectrum of light. But there was a change in the spectrum of light. It was initially assumed that this was happening because the water was not properly clean. But even after using very clean water, the same results were achieved. K S Krishnan had just joined Raman as a research student. He started testing this scattering of light through various liquids like benzene, glycerin, etc.
In November 1921, C.V. Raman’s name was proposed for the Royal Society fellowship. He was awarded a fellowship on 15 November 1924 on the basis of research and published research papers. The work of dispersing light in liquids is in full swing in the association laboratory. Till 1927, various tests were conducted. Raman estimated that it was not possible to see a true Compton effect in the case of visible light waves. This requires a much stronger electromagnetic wave (e.g. X-ray) than visible light. Some changes need to be made as a Compton for molecular deflection tests. Raman made that necessary change after a long hard work. It later became known as the Compton-Raman Formula .
For these two months in January and February 1928, Rahman’s laboratory was almost ‘cycloned’. Venkateshwaran purified the glycerin and observed the scattering of light through it and found that where the blue spectrum was supposed to be found, there was a light green spectrum with a wavelength larger than the wavelength of the blue spectrum. That means the light is losing some energy. The possibility of a new theory in light radiation is clear. But Venkateshwaran was a part-time student – working after office holidays and on holidays. Raman wanted to give the job to someone who could use the thick daylight to test. Ramon saw that his research lectures were greatly enjoyed by students even though he decided not to take classes while attending university. So he started taking classes regularly. As a result, sometimes is falling short of the research time. Raman asked his most talented student K S Krishnan to give his entire time to this study. Krishnan was then researching the theoretical aspects of semiconductor physics.
As directed by Raman, the scattering of light between the organic liquid and vapor set the necessary equipment to monitor the change in the spectrum and started testing. He started getting excellent results. Raman is overseeing everything with great excitement and excitement. Between February 7 and 16, Raman concluded that their research so far was related to the Kramers-Heisenberg method. Hendrick Kramers and Warner Heisenberg established a method of calculating the extent of photon and electron dispersion in 1925. Raman saw that the account could be applied even during the data he received. On February 16, he sent a small note to the nature journal.
On February 27, Raman decided to observe the changing spectrum in the scattering of light with the help of a spectral microscope (spectroscope). Ashubabu set up the equipment throughout the day in the association’s laboratory. The sun went down as he did everything right. Nothing else could be done that day due to lack of sunlight. The observation swelled soon after the sun rose the next morning on February 28. Soon it was found that there was another different color light line next to the spectrum of light of the particular color – “Raman Rekha”. The ‘Raman Effect’ was discovered. Ashubabu set a mercury arc from where a bright white light line of one color was found. This light is supposed to cover the light lines of all other wavelengths taller than the blue wavelength. It’s just a blue-green wavelength with two new lines on the border. This new line has been created that under the influence of deflection it is called the ‘Raman Effect.
The next day, on February 29, 1928, through a press conference, the whole world came to know that the Raman Effect had been discovered. The New Theory of Radiation has been published in the newspapers. On March 8, a note on the Raman Effect was sent to the journal Nature. But a referee rejected the paper as it was not publishable. But the editor of nature journal saw that it was a real breakthrough. Nature reveals the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect.
The Raman effect has opened the unknown path of light waves. Raman-Effect has helped a lot in understanding the energy level and the structure of molecules and atoms. Raman effect is useful in many branches of physics. Many new studies are being conducted using the Raman effect in many disciplines of biology, chemistry, and medicine. In 1929, when the British government gave CV Raman the knight title, ‘Sir’ was added before Raman’s name. Sir C.V. Raman quickly became the living legend of the Indian science world. It usually takes many years to get recognition after any discovery of science. Especially in the case of awards like the Nobel Prize. But in Raman’s case, it happened in just two years. It was in 1930 that Sir C.V. Raman won the Nobel Prize for the discovery of the Raman Effect. Raman seemed to have known long ago that he would receive the Nobel Prize. Some of the events in this regard seem very surprising. When Raman was felicitated after getting the Royal Society Fellowship at the end of 1924 – Raman said “I hope I can bring the Nobel Prize for India in the next five years” . Exactly five years later, he won the Nobel Prize. Not only that, in 1925, the industrialist wrote to GD Birla in a letter asking him for money to buy spectrographs: “If I get this device, I can bring the Nobel Prize for India”.
The Nobel Prize was announced in October 1930. On the 10th of December, the death of Alfred Nobel, the Nobel Prize was officially handed over to the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm, Sweden. The Nobel authorities faced a stunning incident when Rahman’s ship ticket was arranged to attend the event. C.V. Raman booked two-ship tickets for himself and his wife Loksundari in July 1930. But there was no Nobel Committee meeting at that time. Raman used to have a kind of intoxication about the Nobel Prize. He knew that the Nobel Prize was the highest recognition of a scientist’s work. But how was he so sure about it?
Meanwhile, Professor Meghnad Saha was then in Allahabad. He returned from Europe in 1921 and joined Calcutta University. But he had no laboratory due to the department’s economic difficulties. As a result, he joined Allahabad University for research opportunities. But even in Allahabad, he could not work independently. As a result, within ten years, he was restless to return to Kolkata. After hearing about the process of creating a new post in the name of Mahendralal Sarkar in the Association, he became interested in the post. C.V. wrote to Raman and told him about his interest. Professor Meghnad Saha is a very qualified man for that position. But Raman felt that Krishnan was more suitable for this new post than Saha. He wrote to Meghnad Saha about his decision. Meghnad Saha felt very humiliated to receive the letter. What the result is is terrible.
The association’s council meeting raised a mountain of allegations against Raman. Raman was removed from the post of association in the council vote. However, before resigning, Raman confirmed the appointment of KS Krishnan as ‘Mahendralal Sarkar Professor'. Raman also resigned from Calcutta University. Raman joined the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore in 1933. Unable to bear Hitler’s torture, many other physicists, including Einstein, were leaving Europe. Raman thinks that if any of them can be brought to India, it is possible to spread India’s science widely. Raman was not in favor of Indian students going abroad and studying. According to him, students of this country go abroad and learn to copy only foreigners in foreign environments and not to use their thoughts in their own country. As a result, even if they return to their home country, it is of no use to the country. As a result, he tried to move abroad again within a few days. But if European scientists who are now changing countries can be brought to India, it is possible to sit in India and provide European education. Raman started working.
Max Born, one of the fathers of quantum mechanics, created a special professor of physics at the institute. Another pioneer of quantum mechanics also wrote to Schrodinger. But Schrodinger has moved to Dublin as the letter is delayed. Many others were on Raman’s list. But he could not go far in this regard – due to administrative complications. Because of his sky-high arrogance, he himself has decided what he considered good as the director of the institute without the approval of the Governing Council. So there was a problem here as well. He had to step down as director. But his post as professor at the institute continued. In 1934, Raman established the Indian Academy of Science and arranged for the fellowship of the Academy of Talented Scientists from all over India. Raman was the first president of the academy. Within the next twenty years, the proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences were listed as the best journals in the world. Raman served as a professor at the institute till 1948. In these fourteen years, he has studied many diverse subjects. Raman’s famous research papers on solid thermo-optic, photo-elastic, magneto-optic behavior, second-order Ramon effect, infrared spectroscopy, etc. have been published during this time. His student Krishnan had reached the brink of inventing new theories in semiconductor physics. But due to World War II, he had to leave Kolkata. All his data collected on crystal magnetism is destroyed .
Raman retired from the Indian Institute in 1948, the year after India’s independence. He was appointed as the country’s first national professor by the independent Government of India. At that time Raman planned to set up a research institute for himself. Ten acres of land was found for the Institute in Bangalore from the King of Mysore. Some land from there has been given for Raman Research Institute. Raman could not set up the company even after pouring all his savings on himself and his wife. He went down to collect donations. Instead of asking the government for help, he preferred to collect donations from the common man. In this context, he argued that “all our famous Manishis were beggars – Buddhists, Shankaracharyas, even Mahatma Gandhis” .
But even though the company was started by collecting donations, the money did not come up to sustain. This time, in collaboration with an alumnus, he opened two chemical factories and arranged for them to run the institute from their dividends. Raman established the Raman Research Institute at the age of sixty and published nearly two hundred research papers from his institute in the next twenty-two years. He spent a lot of time with school students towards the end of his life. He showed them almost every day by turning his institution around.
Raman was given the title of Bharat Ratna in 1954. The Lenin Peace Prize was given in 1957. In the last few years of his life, he wanted to break off contact with all kinds of organizations and become completely independent. He returned to the Royal Society fellowship in 1968. This was an exceptional event in the history of the Royal Society.
Raman died on November 21, 1970. A long time before his death, he had said that no religious formalities should be made for him after his death. Although he was born into a prominent Brahmin family, he kept a hat or turban on his head all his life – never bothered about religion. When asked once about the turban on his head, he replied, “Would Rutherford have recognized me that day if it wasn’t for it? This is my identity”. According to him, he was buried in the garden of his institute and a tree was planted instead of any kind of tomb or mausoleum.